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Mysteries of Bird Migration: The No 1. Intriguing Story of Unraveling the Mysteries of Bird Migration
Mysteries of Bird Migration: The No. 1. The intriguing story of unraveling the mysteries of bird migration is what this article is basically about.
White storks migrate annually from Europe to Africa and return, where they build a sturdy nest high above the ground – The “Mysteries of Bird Migration scenario”. This bird contributed to the understanding of migration.
While bird migration is now well-researched and understood, it was not always so. In fact, the events were so strange that crazy and mystical theories were taken seriously and even thought to be true.
To solve the enigma of migration, nothing short of a miracle was required.
The North American Arctic tern is the only bird that can fly that far and this makes them among the ‘Mysteries of Bird Migration’.
According to tracking studies, the birds travel around 44,100 miles each year, which is virtually equivalent to a trip “around the world.”
The Arctic tern may easily cross the distance between Earth and the moon three times (620,000 miles) in its lifetime of up to 25 years!
Some birds’ journeys in quest of food and warmth are both gigantic and courageous. It was buried in mystery for generations, and conjecture ran rampant.
Mysteries of Bird Migration: The Stork in White
Every year, white storks migrate from sub-Saharan Africa to their breeding sites in Europe. Flocks of roughly 11,000 birds require an average of 49 days to travel about 12,500 miles in one trip.
From Europe, they travel through the Strait of Gibraltar and into the Sahara Desert, where huge thermal systems help them fly and save energy.
They traverse the desert and follow the Nile River south into their selected African country.
They return to Europe each spring to lay four eggs in a treetop nest composed of wood, soil, and mud, as well as rags or other human waste.
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Where trees are scarce, a rooftop will do, as proven in Meindert DeJong’s lovely children’s tale “Wheel on the School,” a Newbery Award-winning work in which Dutch schoolchildren use tenacity and collaboration to bring nesting storks back to their village.
Storks are connected with springtime and fertility in the Netherlands and other nations around Europe. They frequently return to their lofty residences with the same companion. Their extremely strong nests have been reported to persist for centuries.
These hardy birds were very important for figuring out what happened to many different kinds of birds when the seasons changed. The solution came from above, like a supernatural revelation.
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A white stork was discovered alive in 1822 in the hamlet of Klütz, Germany, with a long spear through its neck.
The spear was made of African wood, indicating that the bird had made its way to Africa, where it was likely shot and injured, according to an inquiry.
It eventually flew back to Germany, where it was discovered, killed, and stuffed. Over time, 24 more birds like them were found, giving them the German name Pfeilstorch, which means “Arrow-stork.”
Mysteries of Bird Migration: The Myths
Ancient Greeks thought that some birds went into hibernation during the winter, just like their hairy relatives.
According to Aristotle, they changed into other birds and back again. Many people believed they flew to and from the moon.
We already know that many birds can fly long distances, but even the Arctic tern would need several years to do that, even if the weather didn’t get in the way.
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The most far-fetched idea for why the crane disappears every year is a fight with the Pygmies. Homer recalls this myth while comparing the Trojan army to cranes in his epic narrative, The Iliad (seventh century BC):
“cranes shrieking from heaven
who are fleeing the cold and the torrential rains
and take off for the end of the world
bringing the Pygmy-men death and despair
as they launch a ferocious struggle before daybreak.”
Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar and natural philosopher, said that this old story was true because pygmies ate crane eggs and chicks to keep their numbers down and fought the birds with arrows while riding on the backs of goats and rams. As we will see, the arrow component is not wholly fictitious.
Mysteries of Bird Migration | Why Should You Migrate?
As perplexing as it may seem to consider why a bird would go to the bother of flying so far every year, and why certain birds migrate [mysteries of bird Migration] while others do not, according to the Washington Post, 2018 studies showed that it all comes down to energy efficiency.
In other words, “the energy cost to a bird of traveling vast distances is balanced out by the energy savings of being in an area where there are lots of mosquitoes, flies, insect larvae, and other avian delights, and there is comparatively little competition for food” during the summer.
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Still, Peter Marra of the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center says that migration is a very flexible trait.
Changes in the environment can overcome this inclination. Canadian geese have become permanent inhabitants of our parks in New Jersey. Even the white stork is often tempted by the free food in Spain and Portugal’s garbage dumps to skip its annual migration.